A collection of short stories, essays, blog-posts and photographs from Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

« Bali 'Art Attack « The Hindu Painter Wayan Turun of Bali ~ Sketches of Christ at His Nativity, Christ Walking on Water in the Sea of Galilee, and the Temptation of Christ (1956/1957)

A tale of three biblical stories sketched by the Balinese-Hindu artist Ida Wayan Turun in the 1950s – and found, by chance, in a village framer's shop in Peliatan, Ubud.

Original Sketch ~ 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' (1956) by the Balinese artist Ida Wayan Turun (1935-1986) of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali

Gridded preparatory pencil-on-paper sketch of the painting 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' at the Sea of Galilee by Wayan Turun of Bali

'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' (1956) by the traditional master painter Ida Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Gianyar, Bali.
Preparatory pencil-on-paper sketch with ruled grids of a painting completed in 1957 of Jesus Christ walking on water to save Peter and the apostles from drowning in a storm on the Sea of Galilee.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

The Painting ~ 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' (1957) by I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Peliatan, Ubud

The painting 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' at the Sea of Galilee by Wayan Turun of Bali, auctioned through the Potomack Company in 2018

The finished painting of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' (1957) by I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Bali.
The canvas of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' was completed by Wayan Turun in 1957, measures 36 x 24in (90 x 60cm), and was auctioned through The Potomack Company in the United States of America for USD$600 in 2018.
The current owner and present location of this painting is as yet unknown to the author.
Photograph © The Potomack Company.

Evidence of a Balinese artist using the grid system or grid technique to enlarge a smaller drawing on a larger canvas

Rear of the 1957 canvas 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' auctioned by The Potomack Company in 2018.
Evidence of use of the artist's 'grid system' or 'grid technique' to proportionally enlarge the smaller drawing can clearly be seen on the back of the canvas; ruled grids and the preparatory sketch's outline are visible.
Photograph © The Potomack Company.

Details of the sketch ~ 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' (1956) by Wayan Turun

Detail of Christ and his disciples in a sketch using the grid system of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' by the traditional Balinese artist Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali

Detail of Christ and his disciples in a sketch using the grid system of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' by the traditional Balinese artist Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Detail of Christ and Saint Peter in a sketch using the grid system of the 1957 painting 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Bali

Detail of Christ and Saint Peter in a sketch using the grid technique of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles' by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

The date and signature of the traditional Balinese painter Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, in a sketch using the grid system of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles'

Signature of the traditional Balinese painter Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, in a 1956 sketch using the grid system of 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles'.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Biblical inspiration for the sketch and painting ~ 'Christ Walking on Water to His Apostles'

'Jesus Calms the Storm'

From The Bible, Matthew 8:23-26; 21st Century King James Version

‘And straightway Jesus constrained His disciples to get into a boat and to go before Him unto the other side...

... while He sent the multitudes away. And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up onto a mountain apart to pray. And when evening had come, He was there alone.

But the boat was now in the midst of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was contrary. And in the fourth watch of the night, Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea. And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, "It is a spirit!" and they cried out in fear. But straightway Jesus spoke unto them, saying, "Be of good cheer. It is I; be not afraid."

And Peter answered Him and said, "Lord, if it be Thou, bid me come unto Thee on the water." And He said, "Come."

And when Peter had come down out of the boat, he walked on the water to go to Jesus. But when he saw that the wind was boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, "Lord, save me!"

And immediately Jesus stretched forth His hand and caught him and said unto him, "O ye of little faith, why didst thou doubt?" And when they had come into the boat, the wind ceased.

Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, "In truth Thou art the Son of God."’


Original Sketch ~ 'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the traditional Balinese painter Ida Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, Indonesia (1935-1986)

Pencil-sketch on paper with grids of Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Bali, Indonesia

'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia.
Preparatory pencil-on-paper sketch with ruled grids of a 1957 painting of the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Details of the sketch ~ 'Christ at His Nativity' by Ida Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud

Pencil-sketch of Joseph, Mary and the Baby Jesus at Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Detail of Joseph, Mary and the Baby Jesus in the preparatory sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Jesus and Mary in a pencil-sketch of Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Detail of Joseph and Mary in the preparatory sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

1957 date and signature of the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali in a pencil-sketch of Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem

Detail of the signature of the Balinese painter Ida Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, in the preparatory sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' drawn in 1957.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Pencil-sketch of the three shepherds, or kings, at Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Detail of the three shepherds portrayed as traditional Balinese rice farmers in the preparatory sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the master Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Cattle gaze on in a pencil-sketch of Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Detail of cattle in the barn gazing on Jesus, Mary and Joseph in the preparatory sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' (1957) by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

The Paintings ~ 'Christ at His Nativity' (1958) by I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud

The completed canvas of 'Christ at His Nativity' painted in 1958 by the Balinese artist Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali

A completed canvas of 'Christ at His Nativity' (?1958), presumably painted by the Balinese artist I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud.
This reproduction of the painting has – per the sketch – been cropped; the artist's signature and date are not visible.
Accessed: Jan 25th, 2021. Google-cached image from the non-responsive website www.zendingserfgoed.nl.
© Copyright Zendingserfgoed/Unknown. If you own the copyright to this image/painting, please contact Ubud High's site admin by direct message on Twitter @DurianLiftOff.

Pencil-sketch on paper with grids of Christ's Nativity in Bethlehem by the traditional painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Bali, Indonesia

1957 gridded sketch of 'Christ at His Nativity' by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

Second version of the painting 'Christ at His Nativity' created in 1958 by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali

A second, mirrored version of the painting 'Christ at His Nativity' created in 1958 by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali.
Wayan Turun's signature, and the date – 1958 – are visible in the lower-left corner.
Accessed Jan 25th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.

The legend and description of 'Christ at His Nativity' by I. Wayan Turun in the Zendingserfgoed's 2019 calendar

The legend and description of 'Christ at His Nativity' by Wayan Turun in the ZendingserfgoedKalender 2019.
'De geboorte van Jezus en der herders.'
[The birth of Jesus, and the shepherds'.]
'De engel had hun nacht zo fel en mooi verlicht, en de geboorte van de redder toeglichte. Nu mogen zij het zelf aanschoewen: dat zi op Gods liefde kunnen bouwen.'
['The angel had illuminated their night so brightly and beautifully, illuminating the birth of the saviour. Now they may admit it themselves: they can build on God's love.']
Accessed Jan 25th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.

Biblical inspiration for the sketch and painting ~ 'Christ at His Nativity'

'The Nativity of Jesus'

From The Bible, Luke 2:16-17; 21st Century King James Version

‘And they came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in a manger.

And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this Child.’

Luke 2:1. ‘And it came to pass in those days that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.

2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)

3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee out of the city of Nazareth into Judea, unto the City of David which is called Bethlehem (because he was of the house and lineage of David)

5 to be taxed with Mary, his espoused wife, who was great with child.

6 And so it was that while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.

7 And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.

9 And lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them, and they were sore afraid.

10 And the angel said unto them, "Fear not, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.

11 For unto you is born this day in the City of David a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord.

12 And this shall be a sign unto you: Ye shall find the Babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger."

13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying,

14 "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men!"

15 And it came to pass, when the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, "Let us now go even unto Bethlehem and see this thing which has come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us."

16 And they came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in a manger.

17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this Child.

18 And all those who heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.

19 But Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart.’


Untitled preparatory pencil sketch on paper using the 'grid technique' (1956) by the traditional painter Ida Wayan Turun (1935-1986) of Bali, Indonesia

Untitled preparatory pencil-sketch with grids by the painter Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Bali, of a holy man with female monster

1956 untitled preparatory pencil sketch on paper using the 'grid system' by the traditional Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

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The 1956 signature of Ida Wayan Turun at the bottom of this untitled, gridded preparatory sketch.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

xxx

A rangsasa, or raksasa – a Balinese demon-monster – tries to provoke a sage in this untitled preparatory sketch by the Balinese artist I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud, Bali.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

xxx

A sage, or holy man, sits unpeturbed by the monster in this untitled sketch by the Balinese painter I. Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali.
Courtesy of the private owner.
Photograph by © 2021 Ubud High.

xxx

It can be concluded – through the similar visual cue of a receding hairline and pointed goatee-beard used by Turun to depict Christ in his other paintings – that this third sketch is also biblically-themed, and features Christ.
It is most likely an illustration of the story of 'The Temptation of Christ', where Jesus is provoked and goaded by the devil for 40 days and nights as he fasts in solitude in the Judaean Desert.
In this Bali-flavoured version of the bible story featured in the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, the barren desert is swapped for the lush backdrop of a busy Balinese jungle.


Other paintings by the Balinese artist I. Wayan Turun with a Christ-inspired theme

Painting of 'The Feeding of the Five Thousand' by Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Painting of 'The Feeding of the Five Thousand' by Wayan Turun of Ubud, Bali, Indonesia.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

Painting of 'Jesus with His Disciples in the Garden of Gethsemane' by the Balinese artist I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud

Painting of 'Jesus with His Disciples in the Garden of Gethsemane' by the Balinese artist I. Wayan Turun of Tebesaya, Ubud.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

Paintings by Ida Wayan Turun with a Biblical theme

Published in the 2019 ZendingserfgoedKalender ('Missionary Heritage Calendar')

Four more Christ-themed paintings by Wayan Turun appear in the Zendingserfgoed Kalender ('Missionary Heritage Calendar') of 2019, illustrating stories from St. Luke's Gospel and from The Acts of the Apostles.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Image/Painting Ownership/Copyright ?Zendingserfgoed/Unknown.

xxx

xxx.
Accessed Jan 28th, 2021. From @Zendingserfgoed, posted on September 11th 2018 on Facebook.
Calendar © 2018 Zendingserfgoed.


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Tourism & Self-Enrichment

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Eat, Pray, Self-Love

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'Ten meters away and the young man finally looks up – an inane, animal-like grin taped across his face as his girlfriend grips his porcelain butt and grimaces towards the empty blue sky. They disengage like street dogs, utter an invective in Russian, and stare...'


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